It is also obvious that Burma Railways 100-ton loco-motives, capable of developing a tractive effort of 41,000 lb, and hauling trains of 200 tons up long 1 in 25 gradients with almost continuous 330 ft radius reverse curves, can be run only on a line that is well laid, equipped and maintained. In 2004, Myanma Railway had approximately 40 oil-fired steam locomotives, of which about a dozen were serviceable and saw occasional use on goods, local passenger and tourist trains. The Burma Railways also possess some of the most powerful locomotives ever built for this gauge. [1], The network has steadily increased in size over the last two decades, from nearly 5,500 kilometres (3,400 mi) in 1988 to 10,296.01 kilometres (6,397.64 mi) in 2010. Between 1988 and 2009, the railway imported 96 diesel locomotives, 55 from China and 41 from India and, by December 2009, it had a total of 319 locomotives. Each train route also has a designated two- or three-digit number. By 1961 the network extended to 3,020 km (1,877 mi), and then remained constant until the opening of a 36 km (22 mi) line from Kyaukpadaung to Kyini in October 1970. Mawlamyine is the the first (or last) station of the East-West Economic Corridor. [15] In early As of 2011, Myanma Railways operated 389 locomotives and 4673 railway coaches. The Mandalay main line also has numerous important branches, some of them over 100 miles in length. There was also the Burma Mines Railway, a 2 ft (610 mm) gauge mineral railway some 50 miles (80 km) in length in the Namtu area, the first section of which opened in 1906. A large number of rice mills and timber sidings along the river front, and on the Dawbon branch are also fed by these two concentration yards. Subsequent development was to the same gauge, and by the early 20th century there was a network of almost 2000 miles (3200 km) in Lower and Upper Burma. Up to 1987 the main suppliers were Alstom, Krupp and various Japanese companies, but since then orders have been placed with China because of Myanmar's lack of access to hard currency. The mail and express trains weigh about 320 tons, and the 2-8-2 goods engines, with their 22,100 tractive effort, will take loads up to about 1,100 tons over the main line gradients, which include long sections of 1 in 200. Therefore, it will be okay only if China gets involved, Ba Myint, Managing Director of Myanma Railways, told The Daily Eleven. Myanmar Railways is currently undertaking an ambitious expansion program that will add another 3,645 km (2,265 mi) to its network, making it spread in to 13,941 km (8,663 mi) including extensions to Myeik in the south, Kyaingtong in the east, Sittwe in the west. [8] In 1928, the railway was renamed Burma Railways and, in 1989, with the renaming of the country, it became Myanma Railways. [9] The Japanese were also responsible for the construction of the Thailand - Burma Railway, also known as the Death Railway, using the labour of Allied prisoners of war, many of whom died in the attempt. Rangoon is thus a busy railway centre for goods traffic, and it is only necessary to quote the following facts to show what a heavy passenger traffic it also commands. “Such nonsense,” complains a British member of the group after the steam engine passes. These 18 locomotives were fitted with the microprocessor control based system. Construction is expected to begin early this year. In the Rangoon area the lock and block system is installed on the double line, and about forty double-line stations are interlocked on the key and tappet system. 1062 2-8-2 : Pyuntaza-Madauk, Myanmar: Location: Myanma Railways: Status: Operational: Album: Video: Notes: Links: MYANMAR: Indian Railways subsidiary Rites is to supply 18 metre-gauge locomotives to Myanma Railways. The fact that more than 200 miles of the main line are double is an unusual feature for a metre-gauge railway. THE “BEYER-GARRATT” articulated locomotive was introduced in 1924 to work on the Lashio branch of the Burma Railways. Attempts at rebuilding the network began in the 1950s following Burmese independence. Unusually for a British colonial railway, it was built to 1,000 mm (3 ft 3.mw-parser-output .sr-only{border:0;clip:rect(0,0,0,0);height:1px;margin:-1px;overflow:hidden;padding:0;position:absolute;width:1px;white-space:nowrap} 3⁄8 in) metre gauge. Following the opening of this section, the Mu Valley State Railway was formed and construction began on a railway line from Sagaing to Myitkyina which connected Mandalay to Shwebo in 1891, to Wuntho in 1893,[7] to Katha in 1895, and to Myitkyina in 1898. Instead of this little-known system being a few narrow-gauge lines, it is one of the most important metre-gauge railways in the British Empire. Goods trains up to 600 tonnes are braked by the locomotive only, and operate at a maximum speed of 32 km/h (19.9 mph). Ballast varies according to the local sources of supply, but is mainly of broken stone. [19] From the Indian side, RITES Ltd., an Indian government enterprise, has been a principal partner of Myanma Railways and was involved in the supply of these 18 locomotives. The railway track gauge is 1 metre, which is standard countrywide in Myanmar. Over 150 trains, arriving or departing, are dealt with daily. The rolling stock can be built to within 9-in of the width allowed on British 4 ft 8½-in gauge lines - 8 ft 6-in as against the standard 9 ft 3-in. About the map – Subway-style – Routes and route names About the lines – Current railways – Proposed railways – Lines that are implied that could be built – Lines that were left out – Nomadic Notes Proposed Lines Proposed railway lines by country – Cambodia – China – India – Indonesia – Laos – Malaysia – Myanmar – Philippines – Singapore – Thailand – Vietnam References/Footnotes – Cambodia – China – India – Indonesia – L… Rail transport in Myanmar consists of a 10,296.01 km (6,398 mi) railway network with 1225 stations. The type was, at the time, the most powerful in the world working on the metre gauge. Yangon Circular Railway is an 81-kilometre (50 mi) 39-station loop system that connects Yangon's downtown, satellite towns and suburban areas. [citation needed]. Top speed is 100 km/h. Here ocean-going steamers up to 12,000 tons can berth and discharge cargoes into great transshipment sheds served directly by railway sidings branching off from the “suburban loop” line. These are anchored in rock at varying depths down to 104 ft below bed level. The former yard receives, marshals and dispatches trains over the Mandalay and Moulmein main lines, while the latter handles the Prome main line traffic. Between 5am and midnight a train arrives or departs on the average every seven or eight minutes, while during the business rush hours the interval is considerably shorter. Almost ten years ago, as anticipated, Myanmar Railways stopped its remaining steam services. If the train is particularly heavy the wagons at the front will be fitted with hoses for the duration of the trip. All trains can travel to Mawlamyine and Ye, but freight trains can’t reach Dawei due to steep inclines of the railway. Rail transport was first introduced in Myanmar in May 1877 with the opening of the 163-mile (262 km) Yangon to Prome line by The Irrawaddy Valley State Railway when Lower Burma was a British colony. Recently, rail service has been extended along the Taninthayi coast to Mon State and Tanintharyi Region with Mawlamyine station as the southern hub. Though the Ava Bridge is the largest in Burma, there are many other big bridges and viaducts, including the Gokteik Viaduct on the Lashio branch, the Sittang Bridge on the Pegu-Moulmein section, and the bridge over a wide creek between Henzada and Kyangin, with double lifting spans over the main channel. There is a 40 ft seasonal rise and fall in the river level, and a 40 ft headway is allowed for steamers passing under the bridge in high flood. All Aboard the Trains of Myanmar. Small turntables are used to turn the rail-buses at the termini. As well as the main or central station, Phayre Street, there are over twenty stations in the suburban area, and at Phayre Street over 150 trains, arriving or departing, are dealt with daily. Each of the 350 ft spans weighs 1,020 tons. With the construction of the 250 m (270 yd) road/rail bridge across the Ye River in 2003 and the 2.4 km (1.5 mi) Thanlwin Bridge in 2008, the Southern peninsula became fully integrated into the Myanmar's railway network. Construction is expected to be complete by 2021. A stink over cleanliness of train stations in Yangon. Unusually for a British colonial railway, it was built to 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 ⁄8 in) metre gauge. Myanmar train timetables. “I can’t sell that to anyone as medieval.” Up to three heavy repairs are performed per year using locally manufactured parts. For decades, this is what it has been like to travel by train in much of Southeast Asia, where narrow 1,000 mm gauge (meter gauge) track is the norm -- much of it poorly equipped and badly maintained. Passengers had to take a ferry over the Thanlwin River (Salween River) to Mawlamyaing. Its facade, overlooking wide approach roads bordered by well-kept lawns, is 738 ft in length, and is remark ably attractive from the architectural point of view. 1 platform is used by main line trains only, there are, in effect, twelve platforms available for local trains, which form the great bulk of the traffic. And, indeed, the general standard of the lines in Burma is comparable with that of many systems of wider gauge. With Vietnamese independence after the war, the railroad underwent periods of closure, and in 2005 a large part of its rolling stock was donated to the Myanmar Railways which still uses the same unusual one metre gauge. The section operated by it includes lengths of continuous reverse curves of 330 ft radius, and eleven miles of 1 in 25 gradient. Subsequent development was to the same gauge, though the 50 miles (80 km) Burma Mines Railway opened in 1906 operated on a separate 2 ft(610 mm) gauge. The locomotive acquired was the former DD51 Diesel Locomotive along with the former Blue Trains that were formerly operated by JR Hokkaido. Since coming to power in 1988, the military government embarked on a railway construction program and, by 2000 the network had grown to 5,068 km (3,149 mi) (track-km) divided into 11 operating divisions. Construction started 16 May 2007 expecting to finish the project in 2018–2019. First introduced by the British in 1877 with the opening of the 163-mile line between Yangon and Pyay, Myanmar's rail network now has over 3357 miles of 3.3ft-gauge track and 858 train stations. So far, the opened section is 37.06 miles (59.64 km) while the other 57.81 miles (93.04 km) is still under construction. You can read more on “Modern Transport in India”, “Trains in Siam” and “Travelling by Train in China” on this website. On the steeply-graded ghat sections all wagons will be braked. Though nominally only seven in number, each platform face is of sufficient length to accommodate two local trains, but, as No. There are 960 active railway stations in Myanmar with Yangon Central and Mandalay Central as the twin anchors of the network. 1350 HP AC/DC main line diesel locomotives with a maximum speed of 100 km/h had been customised for the Myanma Railways. 1.5 Outline of Loan Agreement 1.5.1 Myanmar Railways Modernization Project (I) Loan Amount Loan Disbursed Amount 8,454 million yen The best places to go and things to do in Myanmar. The following four lines are currently under construction:[11], In 2005, the Japan Railways Group and other, privately owned, Japanese railway companies donated rolling stock to Myanmar Railways, including former JNR-era DMUs, railcars and passenger coaches. There were sea connections to Penang, Singapore, Calcutta, Bombay, and London. The speed of freight trains is heavily restricted on all existing links as a consequence of poor track and bridge conditions. [1] The network, generally spanning north to south with branch lines to the east and west, is the second largest in Southeast Asia,[citation needed] and includes the Yangon Circular Railway which serves as a commuter railway for Yangon, the principal commercial city in Myanmar. The capacity of the coaching and goods stock is, therefore, nearly equal to that on standard British gauge. Many Myanmar people riding on the country’s outmoded, uncomfortable railways would have trouble sharing in the romance. The route from Mawlamyine to Myawaddy on the Thai border is about 120 km. Myanmar Railways, also spelled Myanma Railways; (formerly Burma Railways) is the state-owned agency that operates the railway network in Myanmar. Buy Myanmar train tickets in advance. ALL the railways in Burma, with the exception of under 100 miles of narrow-gauge, privately-owned lines, form one system at present both owned and worked by the Government, the Burma Railways. Subsequent development was to the same gauge, though the 50 miles (80 km) Burma Mines Railway opened in 1906 operated on a separate 2 ft (610 mm) gauge. On most branch lines the stations are not interlocked, facing points being secured by cotters and padlocks, the keys of which are kept in the custody of the station-master on duty. All signal lamps are electrically lit. The railways in Burma have over 400 locomotives, including the most powerful types used on metre-gauge lines. The construction of these two principal connexions would provide continuous rail communication between either Karachi or the Afghan frontier and French Indo-China. [17][18], In March 2018, India handed over 18 diesel-electric locomotives to Myanmar under an Indian line of credit. Around 150,000 people use the approximately 300 trains that run around the loop daily.[3][10]. The 1 350 hp diesel-electrics for use on passenger and freight services are to be manufactured by the Diesel Locomotive Works at Varanasi, and will have microprocessor controls, fuel-efficient engines and an ergonomic cab design. The main station buildings are parallel to the platforms, for this is a “through” and not a terminal station. Guide to train travel in Myanmar. THE MAIN STATION AT RANGOON, Phayre Street, possesses seven platforms. There were 5187 freight wagons in 1999, with 1188 due to be delivered. In September 2006, China donated 130 carriages ... China presents railway carriages to Myanmar, "Number of autos, motorcycles increases in Myanmar", / Myanmar Railways' Ex-JR Freight Class DD51 Diesel Locomotive, http://www.2427junction.com/mmrrbetop.html, "India hands over 18 high-end diesel locos to Myanmar", "Thai Developer Touts Burma Port Project - The Irrawaddy | Simon Roughneen", "Railway Gazette: China's horizons extend southwards", "Rail link from Manipur to Vietnam on cards: Tharoor", Myanmar railways, Ministry of Transportation (Burmese version), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rail_transport_in_Myanmar&oldid=989267883, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2019, Articles containing Burmese-language text, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from May 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Length= 620 kilometres (390 mi) Express trains skip Bago, Yangon-Bago-Theinzayat-Kyaikhto-Thaton-Mottama-Mawlamyine, Yangon-Letbadan-Paungde-Aunglan-Kyaukpadaung-Bagan, Length= 339 kilometres (211 mi) under construction to Myeik, Mandalay-Thedaw-Dahuttaw-Hanza-Ywapale-Thazi. Construction started 1 December 2009 with a hope to be done in 2017 - 2018. Trains in Myanmar are classified Up (heading north) or Down (heading south), and each route has a number. The recent bridging of the great Irrawaddy River near Mandalay made possible a continuous train journey of 725 miles from Rangoon northwards - or nearly 900 miles from Prome via Rangoon - without having to cross the river by ferry, as was previously necessary. This was the first railway laid in Burma, and it was opened in 1869. On the suburban service are the 4-6-4 passenger and 2-6-2 goods tank engines, the latter also being the standard shunters. For the dream of the trans-Asian railway, the 440km standard gauge rail in Laos was begun in late December 2016. This bridge consists of nine spans, each 350 ft in length, one span of 250 ft, and six spans of 60 ft. After the First World War, a line was built between Moulmein and Ye at the northern end of the Mergui Archipelago. Passengers of a carriage buy bananas during a stop at a railway station in the Shan State. But among the extensions to the Burma Railways that has been surveyed from time to time are three main Indo-Burma connecting routes, and also connexions with the Royal State Railways of Siam. The Yangon Urban Mass Rapid Transit is due to begin construction of the east–west line from Hlaing Thayar in the west to Parami in the east in 2022, to be complete by 2027. The opened sections are: Magwe-Kanbya (7.68 miles (12.36 km)): construction started 10 November 2008, opened 19 December 2009, Pyawbwe(Yan Aung) - Ywadaw (22.12 miles (35.60 km)): construction started 10 November 2008, opened 16 January 2010, Ywadaw-Natmauk (35.42 miles (57.00 km)): construction started 10 November 2008, opened 16 March 2013, Sittwe-Yechanbyin (11.46 miles (18.44 km)): construction started 15 February 2009, opened 19 May 2009, Kwan Taung- Ponnagyun-Yotayouk (22.72 miles (36.56 km)): construction started 15 February 2009 and opened 15 May 2010, Yotayouk-Kyaukhtu (19.28 miles (31.03 km)): construction started 16 May 2010, opened 11 April 2011. © Railway Wonders of the World 2012-20  |  Contents  |  Site Map  |  Contact Us at info@railwaywondersoftheworld.com, Developing the Resources of a Rich Territory. The guarantor on Loans is Union of Myanmar. Apart from the Thailand–Burma Railway the country has never had any international links. The locomotive workshops are situated at Insein near Rangoon, and there are twenty-three running sheds on the system. It will be noticed that the Burma Railways is an isolated system connected with no other railway. China–Myanmar–Thailand railway to Dawei: In 2010 and 2011, China–Myanmar railway from Yangôn to Kunming: Tentative plans exist to build a 1,920 km (1,190 mi) crossborder railway (with, India–Vietnam railway via Myanmar–Thailand–Cambodia: On 9 April 2010, the Government of. This line is to be further extended east to Togyaung Galay station on the Yangon-Bago intercity rail line. On the 1 in 25 section of the Lashio branch beyond Mandalay 75 lb rails are used. The Burma Mines Railway, an 80-kilometre (50-mile) 2 ft (610 mm) narrow-gauge line from Namyao (on Myanmar Railways' Mandalay-Lashio branch) via Namtu to Bawdwin, was completed in 1908. By 2018 Myanmar had already over 50 of these Dalian's Chinese machines. [citation needed] These are powered through their rubber-tired road wheels, and usually haul three small four-wheel coaches converted from goods wagons. The maximum speed for freight trains has been quoted as 24 km/h (15 mph), suggesting that commercial speeds on this section could be as low as 12–14 km/h (7.5–8.7 mph). Passenger trains can reach Dawei however. Steam in Myanmar (Burma): 7.1. Guides to the most popular train journeys in Myanmar. The piers are heavily reinforced to resist earthquake shocks. The 5,403-kilometre (3,357 mi) metre gauge rail network consists of 858 stations, and generally spans north to south with branch lines to east and west. [citation needed] However many branch lines have only lightly built permanent way, and on these routes traffic is in the hands of a fleet of more than 50 light rail-buses built from lorry parts in MR's workshops. More than 12,000 Allied prisoners of war (POWs) and tens of thousands of forced labourers perished during its … Myanmar has received six out of 24 Japan-made trains, which will be deployed on the Yangon-Taungoo route on the... see more. Not only is Rangoon a thoroughly modern city of great commercial importance, but also it is fortunate in possessing a river front with miles of jetties and wharves. Jica has signed a Yen 40.604bn ($US 374.5m) loan agreement with the government of Myanmar for the Yangon - Mandalay Railway Improvement Project. In 1942, the country had 3,313 km (2,059 mi) (route-km) of metre gauge track, but the Japanese removed about 480 km (298 mi) and, by the end of the war, only 1,085 km (674 mi) (route-km) was operational in four isolated sections. So far, the opened section is 65.22 miles (104.96 km) while the other 29.49 miles (47.46 km) are still under construction, being Kanbya-Natmauk. Goods traffic is dealt with at a large concentration yard at Malagon - where there is also the main locomotive running depot and engine-shed - and at a smaller one at Kemmedine. The railways in Burma have over 400 locomotives, including the most powerful types used on metre-gauge lines. Trains which were out on the line were stopped in the next station and the steam loco had to leave its train, steaming back to its depot. In fact, it is doubtful if any other system of this gauge can boast a combination of so dense a suburban traffic as exists in the Rangoon area, of such a continuous length of double-track main line, over 200 miles, and of a through main route nearly 900 miles in length out of a total route mileage of over 2,000. Myanmar Railway’s meter gauge communication system will have to be gradually upgraded to ASEAN standards and its tracks widened, U Htaung Shan Khan said. After the annexation of Upper Burma following the Third Anglo-Burmese War of 1885, the Taungoo line was extended to Mandalay in 1889. [13] China donated 130 units of meter gauge carriages in 2006[14] and another 225 in 2009. Muse-Lashio-Mandalay is the second longest railroad section after Yangon-Mandalay in Myanmar. The permanent way consists of flat-footed rails weighing 60 lb per yard on the more important main lines, 50 lb on the secondary lines, and 41¼ lb on light branches. Moulmein (as Mawlamyine was then known) was the first capital of British Burma between 1826 and 1852. The main line trains load up to twelve or fourteen bogie coaches behind a 462 or 4-6-0 locomotive of the standard Indian type. For Seiler, such moments bring back the “good old railway days”. Burma Railway, also called Burma-Siam Railway, railway built during World War II connecting Bangkok and Moulmein (now Mawlamyine), Burma ().The rail line was built along the Khwae Noi (Kwai) River valley to support the Japanese armed forces during the Burma Campaign. Its rolling stock consisted of 384 locomotives, 1,600 passenger railcars, and 3,600 freight wagons. In October 2010, the railway acquired 30 more locomotives from China. Main article: Rail transport in Myanmar As of February 2008 [update] , Myanmar had 5,099 km (3,168 mi) of railways, all 1,000 mm ( 3 ft 3 3 ⁄ 8 in ) gauge. The first railway was opened in 1869. [20], In 1999 Myanma Railways had 868 coaches, with a further 463 on order. The 60 km (37 mi) Kyangin-Okshippin (Padang) section of Kyangin-Thayet railway was opened in March 2008 and the 56 km (35 mi) Okshippin-Kamma railway section was opened in March 2009. [4][5] In the 2013-14 fiscal year, Myanmar Railways carried about 60 million passengers (35 million in the circular railway and 25 million inter-city travelers) and 2.5 million metric tons of freight. [From part 42, published 15 November 1935], [Read the previous article in part 42]    [Read the next article in part 42]. It was an important river port in colonial times, with timber being the major export. Muse-Lashio-Mandalay Railway Project is a major exit of China and it is also the project linking with Myanmar. The structure carries two roadways as well as the railway. The accompanying map clearly shows the main lines out of Rangoon. [2] The quality of the railway infrastructure is generally poor. – 18. Einme-Nyaundong with a distance of 96.51 miles (155.32 km) as a part of Pathein(Begayet) – Einme - Nyaundong Yangon (Hlaing Thayar) to allow the connection between Yangon with Port of Pathein. We have a dedicated railway tour of … The foundations consist of steel caissons 59 ft long and 29 ft wide. Wheels are turning again! Nor are the trains light, for the locals, running out in three different directions, consist of eight bogie coaches, weighing in all about 180 tons, and are hauled by 4-6-4 tank engines. Myanmar’s train system tends to be unpredictable, especially the further away tracks go from Yangon. Wagons used to be carried across on the ferry, to avoid the double handling of their contents. The missing links for the network will be developed in Cambodia, Myanmar, Th… 2,056 MILES of the metre-gauge track in Burma are State-controlled. [16], In 1999, Myanma Railway had 201 diesel locomotives, and a further 88 were on order. In 1884, a new company, The Sittang Valley State Railway, … Between 1994 and 1998, the 160 km (99 mi) Ye-Dawei (Tavoy) railway in peninsular Myanmar was completed. ALL the railways in Burma, with the exception of under 100 miles of narrow- gauge, privately- owned lines, form one system at present both owned and worked by the Government, the Burma Railways . ASCENDING A GRADIENT OF 1 IN 25. Natmouk- KanPyar with a distance of 94.71 miles (152.42 km) as a part of Pyawbwe-Natmouk-Magwe railway project. “It is for sure that the country cannot afford that kind of expenditure,” he said. Since then I’ve tried to reactivate two steam locos for charter trains, but the prospects back in 2008 didn’t look good. A “Beyer-Garratt” articulated locomotive owned by the Burma State Railways hauling a heavy freight train round a 337 ft radius curve. Myanmar train station guides. MR (US Army) No. 1.2017 The Golden Land: 15. The new railway line aims to cut the travel time between Mandalay and Muse to just three hours. The majority of goods trains on lines without significant gradients run without any train brakes, as most of the serviceable wagons have been cannibalised and now lack vacuum hoses. behind the schedule. However: The proposed international rail links are: Kaladan Multi-Modal Transit Transport Project, "A Slow Ride Through (and Around) Yangon", "Third Regional EST Forum: Presentation of Myanmar", "Developing a Myanma's Rail Network that meet demand by Ministry of 23rd November, 2015", Myanmar in China’s Push into the Indian Ocean, Japanese rolling stock in Myanmar (in Japanese). In 1884, a new company, The Sittang Valley State Railway, opened a 166-mile (267 km) line along the Sittaung River from Yangon to the town of Taungoo via Bago. The opened sections are: Katha-Moetagyi (16.68 miles (26.84 km)): construction started 16 May 2007 and opened 20 May 2010, Moetagyi–Kyaukkyi (20.38 miles (32.80 km)): construction started 16 May 2007 and opened 7 February 2014. The managing director of Myanmar Railways U Ba Myint said in a press conference in Naypyitaw on Monday that the construction of the railway will cost $8.9 billion according to the study. Myanmar's railway network is divided into three broad groups of lines, the lines in Upper Myanmar, those in Lower Myanmar, and the Yangon Circular Railway that serves as Yangon's commuter rail. The common line of the railway network will link Singapore and Malaysia with Thailand. Kyaukyi–Sinkhan–Bamow with a distance of 94.87 miles (152.68 km) as a part of Katha–Bamow railway project to allow the passengers and cargo to reach Bamow by rails rather by the Irrawaddy flotilla service. The "Death Railway" link with Thailand fell into disuse after the war and the section of this line in Burma was permanently closed. Rail transport was first introduced in Myanmar in May 1877 with the opening of the 163-mile (262 km) Yangon to Prome line by The Irrawaddy Valley State Railway when Lower Burma was a British colony. Some 2-8-2 and 4-6-0 goods or mixed traffic types and older 0-6-0 engines are employed on the lighter branch lines. Apart from the particularly interesting articulated engines already described in the chapter, “Hill Lines of India”, beginning on page 826, the principal types of locomotives on the Burma railways are the 4-6-2 and 4-6-0 main line passenger engines, the former having a tractive effort of 19,700 lb. No 42 (2-6-2, Bagnall 1928) hauls a FarRail charter train from Namtu to Lopah on the 2 ft narrow gauge Burma Mines Railway. These rails are laid in all instances on wooden sleepers, mainly Pyingado, an excellent Burmese hardwood. 50 of these Dalian 's Chinese machines Mandalay in 1889 in 1988, there were sea connections to,! Main line are double track. 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Had 201 diesel locomotives with a further 88 were on order and usually three... 2017 - 2018 a further 88 were on order 1225 stations the Myanma Railways ; formerly! Were fitted with the former DD51 diesel locomotive along with the construction of these two connexions... Further extended east to Togyaung Galay station on the lighter branch lines is one of the trans-Asian,! At the front will be fitted with the construction of these two principal connexions would continuous... To go and things to do in Myanmar as a consequence of poor track and Bridge.! Avoid the double handling of their contents inclines of the coaching and goods stock is, therefore nearly! And things to do in Myanmar wooden sleepers, mainly Pyingado, excellent. And there are 960 active railway stations over a 3,162 km ( 6,398 mi ) network. Built for this gauge sharp, and it was an important River port in colonial,... Under construction is Einme-Nyaungdong-Hlaingthayar ( 75.76 miles ( 93.04 km ) as a of! ) Ye-Dawei ( Tavoy ) railway in peninsular Myanmar was completed radius, and 3,600 freight wagons in 1999 Myanma! Owned by the Burma Railways ) is the state-owned agency that operates the railway lines generally run north south. Slowest and least reliable 3 ⁄8 in ) metre gauge cut the time... And freight trains can travel to Mawlamyine and Ye at the termini moulmein and Ye at the front be! Made for metre gauge the time, the Taungoo line was built between and... All wagons will be fitted with the construction of the 350 ft spans weighs 1,020 tons 1225 stations,... First railway laid in all instances on wooden sleepers, mainly Pyingado, an excellent Burmese hardwood was. The Railways in Burma is comparable with that of many systems of gauge! Main lines out of Rangoon under control of Ministry of Transportation that has exclusive right to operate Railways the... Parts of Yangon-Pyay and Yangon-Mandalay routes are double track. [ 9 ] best to! Some of the Lashio branch of the metre-gauge track in Burma is comparable with that of many systems wider. To Mawlamyaing ft spans weighs 1,020 tons operate Railways in Myanmar the accompanying map clearly shows the main are. British Empire wagons will be noticed that the country has never had any links... Or mixed traffic types and older 0-6-0 engines are employed on the suburban service are the 4-6-4 passenger 2-6-2... Anchored in rock at varying depths down to 104 ft below bed.. 225 in 2009 the Bago-Mottama line will include three main routes from Kunming, China, to avoid double! The common line of the coaching and goods stock is, therefore nearly... To be done in 2017 - 2018 goods wagons India”, “Trains in Siam” and “Travelling by train in on. Have fully-interlocked cabin locking to Togyaung Galay station on the steeply-graded ghat sections wagons... The 4-6-4 passenger and freight trains can ’ t reach Dawei due to inclines... Branch of the group after the first ( or last ) station the. Carriages in 2006 [ 14 ] and another 225 in 2009 the Mergui.... 99 mi ) 39-station loop system that connects Yangon 's downtown, satellite towns and areas. Are situated at Insein near Rangoon, and arrived in Bagan only 15-20 mins fully-interlocked! Traffic types and older 0-6-0 engines are employed on the Yangon-Bago intercity rail line be nearly 400 miles 1. Towns and suburban areas distance of 94.71 miles ( 152.42 km ) as a part of railway! The Singapore-Kunming railwaynetwork will include three main routes from Kunming, China to... Also possess some of them being in and near Rangoon the local sources of supply, but, anticipated! Timber being the standard Indian type from the Thailand–Burma railway the country ’ s train system tends to be in... 160 km ( 99 mi ) Ye-Dawei ( Tavoy ) railway network 1225! Are employed on the lighter branch lines long-distance expresses as well as a heavy suburban traffic are in. Attempts at rebuilding the network began in the World working on the lighter branch lines line double! Railways ; ( formerly Burma Railways also possess some of the Bago-Mottama line rail.! Construction started 16 May 2007 expecting to finish in 2017 - 2018 6,398 mi railway! Sections all wagons will be braked be further extended east to Togyaung Galay station on the 1 in 25 of. All instances on wooden sleepers, mainly Pyingado, myanmar railway gauge excellent Burmese hardwood tank. Passengers had to take a ferry over the Thanlwin River ( Salween )... Railway laid in Burma have over 400 locomotives, and there are twenty-three running sheds on the Yangon-Taungoo on. That were formerly operated by it includes lengths of continuous reverse curves of 330 ft radius curve broken stone s! Galay station on the system, a line was extended to Mandalay in 1889 passenger railcars, Prome! Built between moulmein and Ye at the time, the most popular train journeys Myanmar! - 2018 are State-controlled a myanmar railway gauge speed of 100 km/h had been customised the! Bridge at Sinkhan–Bamaw ( 57.81 miles ( 152.42 km ) ) May 2007 expecting to finish the project in.... Monsoon season north-westwards to Letpadan for Bassein, Henzada, and are not during... Caused considerable damage to the local sources of supply, but is mainly broken. The 350 ft spans weighs 1,020 tons 1,000 mm ( 3 ft ⁄8... Rangoon station is a busy railway centre both for passenger and freight trains can ’ t reach due... China donated 130 units of meter gauge carriages in 2006 [ 14 ] and 225... In early as of 2011, Myanma Railways edited on 18 November 2020, at the termini 1988!

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